There are four things farz in wudu.
♦ Washing the face from the forehead to the lower portion of the chin and from one ear to the other;
♦ Washing both the arms, up to the elbows;
♦ Doing masah, covering at least a quarter of the head; and
♦ Washing of both feet up to the ankles.
Wudu’ has 13 things that are sunnah:
♦ Niyyah (intention);
♦ Saying the bismillaah before starting;
♦ Washing the hands three times up to the wrists;
♦ Brushing the teeth by miswaak or fingers;
♦ Gargling three times;
♦ Passing water into the nostrils three times;
♦ Khilaal – i.e. to pass wet fingers into the beard;
♦ Khilaal of fingers and toes;
♦ Washing of each part three times;
♦ Masah of the whole head;
♦ Masah of both ears;
♦ Wuduu’ done systematically, in order; and
♦ Washing of each part one after the other without pause, so that no part dries up before you finish the whole wuduu’.