Muḥammad Shafī‘ ibn Muḥammad Yāsīn ‘Us̱mānī Deobandī Muḥammad Shafī‘ ibn Muḥammad Yāsīn al-‘Uthmānī ad-Diyūbandī; c. 25 January 1897 – vi Gregorian calendar month 1976), typically named as Mufti Muhammad Shafi, was a Pakistani Sunni Islamic scholar of the Deobandi faculty of Islamic thought.
A Hanafi jurist and mufti, he was conjointly associate authority on shari’ah, hadith, Qur’anic interpretation, and Sufism. Born in Deoband, British Bharat, he graduated in 1917 from Darul Uloom Deoband, wherever he later educated hadith and command the post of Chief Mufti. He resigned from the varsity in 1943 to devote his time to the West Pakistan Movement. once the independence he rapt to West Pakistan, wherever he established Darul Uloom Karachi in 1951. Of his written works, his known is Ma’ariful Qur’an, a piece of writing on the Qur’an.
Birth and Early Childhood
Muhammad Shafi, son of Muhammad Yasin, was born on twenty five Gregorian calendar month 1897 (21 Shaaban 1314 AH) in Deoband, British Bharat, to associate Usmani family. He was given the name “Muhammad Shafi” (محمد شفيع) by his father’s tribal sheik, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, although he was originally named “Muhammad Mubin” (محمد مبین) by his grandad, Moslem Tahsin Ali. Shafi grew up during a non secular surroundings. As a toddler he compete within the yard of Darul Uloom Deoband and Sat within the company of his father, WHO was a tutor at the varsity.
Aged five, Shafi began memorising the Qur’an with Muhammad Azim and Namdar Khan at the Darul Uloom.In 1907 or 1908 (1325 AH), he commenced the study of Urdu, Persian, arithmetic and alternative subjects at Darul Uloom Deoband, that he completed inside successive 5 years beneath the management of his father.
He studied arithmetic and geometrician from his uncle Munshi Manzur Ahmad and Quranic recitation from Muhammad Yusuf Miruthi. along side teaching Shafi the Persian books, Maulana Yasin conjointly schooled him within the elementary Arabic books of sarf (morphology), nahw (grammar), and fiqh (jurisprudence), up to Fusul-i Akbari, Hidayat an-Nahw, and Munyat al-Musalli.
In 1330 AH (1912)or 1331 AH (1913)Shafi was formally listed within the higher level Arabic categories of Darul Uloom Deoband. He did Daurah Hadith in 1335 AH (1916/1917) beneath the management of Anwar Shah Kashmiri, and completed his education in 1336 AH (1917/1918).The academics beneath whom Shafi formally studied included:
- Anwar Shah Kashmiri
- Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
- Azizur Rahman Usmani
- Mian Asghar Hussain Deobandi
- Izaz Ali Amrohi
- Muhammad Rasul Khan
- Muhammad Ibrahim Balliyawi
- Ghulam Rasul Hazarwi
- Hafiz Muhammad Ahmad
Among his academics was Anwar Shah Kashmiri, WHO was the school’s school principal. a number of the books Shafi studied with him were Sahih al-Bukhari, Jami’ at-Tirmidhi (with the exception of atiny low part), at-Tirmidhi’s Shama’il and ‘Ilal, al-Falsafah al-‘Arabiyah on fashionable philosophy, and Sharh an-Nafisi on medication (tibb). Shafi was among Kashmiri’s nighest students, and Kashmiri would later choose Shafi for help in refuting the Ahmadiyya Movement. Shafi studied Sahih Muslim and half Hidayah with Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, whom he would later accompany within the movement to make West Pakistan. With Mian Asghar Hussain Deobandi he studied the hadith collections Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan an-Nasa’i, and also the remainder of Jami’ at-Tirmidhi. With Azizur Rahman, head of the Darul Uloom’s opinion Department, Shafi studied the Muwatta of Muhammedan leader within the transmission of Yahya ibn Yahya and also the transmission of ash-Shaybani, at-Tahawi’s Sharh Ma’ani al-Athar, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Mishkat al-Masabih, Ibn Hajar’s Sharh Nukhbat al-Fikar, and Hisn-i Hasin. He studied Sunan Ibn Majah with Ghulam Rasul Hazarwi. With Izaz Ali Amrohi he studied all the books of literature, Maibazi’s Sharh Hidayat al-Hikmah, at-Taftazani’s Sharh al-‘Aqa’id al-Nasafiyah, Ubayd Allah al-Mahbubi’s Sharh al-Wiqayah, and a few alternative treatises. With Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim he studied Sadra and Shams al-Bazighah.
After Daurah a couple of books still remained, together with Qazi, Mir Zahid, and Umur-i ‘Ammah—these were completed in 1336 AH (1917/1918). in this year Shafi was conjointly appointed to show some lessons.
Shafi began teaching at Darul Uloom Deoband in 1918 or 1919 (1337 AH). He educated the elementary level books of the information and eventually reached the extent of Daurah Hadith. the primary book of Daurah level that he was given was Muwatta Muhammedan leader, and he later educated alternative books. In 1354 AH (1935/1936) he was entrusted with teaching Sunan Abu Dawud for a few time in situ of Maulana Asghar Husain. On Husain’s request he was given this lecture for good, and he educated it till he left Darul Uloom Deoband in 1943 (1362 AH). Shafi was thought to be associate exceptional lecturer on several subjects, however 2 of his lessons were most famous—one was Sunan Abu Dawud, and also the alternative was Maqamat al-Hariri in Arabic literature. once going Darul Uloom Deoband, he educated Sahih al-Bukhari for 3 months at Jamiah Islamiyah Dabhel, filling sure Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani.
Fatawa , Rulings
Shafi established Darul Uloom Karachi in 1951 (Shawwal 1370 AH). There he educated Sahih al-Bukhari for many years, in addition as Muwatta leader and Shama’il at-Tirmidhi. Whenever thanks to health or alternative responsibilities he was unable to show the total of Bukhari, then those years he would teach till the Book of Wudu, and alternative academics would cowl the rest. within the last four years of his life, he was bedrid and therefore unable to show often. However, on the insistence of scholars and academics, once a year he educated the primary lesson of Sahih al-Bukhari and also the last lessons of the Sihah Sittah.
Shafi oftentimes assisted Azizur Rahman Usmani, head of the school’s opinion department.Azizur Rahman resigned from the Darul Uloom in 1344 AH (1925/1926). Others occupied the post of Sadr Mufti (Chief Mufti) till the Majlis-e-Shura of Darul Uloom Deoband appointed Shafi to the post on twenty eight Rabi al-Awwal 1350 AH (c. thirteen August 1931). In additions to endeavor the duties of fatwa-writing, Shafi conjointly continued to show some books of hadith and tafsir.
In November 1932 (Rajab 1351), Shafi printed a tract entitled Nihayat al-arab fi ghayat an-nasab on caste. The weavers of the Deoband space (who were thought to be a lower caste) revolted against the opinion, and from early 1353 AH (1934/1935) to late 1354 AH (1935/1936) rallies were command and threats were created against Shafi, in response to that a gaggle of academics took to acting as his bodyguards. many students wrote or spoke in defense of the opinion, together with Shafi’s shaikh Ashraf Ali Thanawi, Sayyid Asghar Husain, and Husain Ahmad Madani. thanks to the conflict, Shafi asked to be transferred to the teaching department, an invitation that was eventually granted by the Majlis-e-Shura in Shaaban 1354 AH (c. November 1935).
Shafi remained within the teaching department over successive few years, throughout that 2 alternative ulema command the post of Sadr Mufti. On twenty five Safar 1359 AH (c. four April 1940), Shafi was appointed to the workplace a second time.He command the post till he left Darul Uloom Deoband in Rabi al-Awwal 1362 AH (March 1943).
Estimates of the amount of fatwas that he issued whereas at Darul Uloom Deoband vary from twenty six,000 to over forty,000. a number of Muhammad Shafi’s fatwas are printed in eight massive volumes titled Imdad al-Muftin, whereas the bulk stay unpublished.
From associate early age, Shafi oftentimes attended the gatherings of Mahmud Hasan Deobandi. Then once Mahmud Hasan was confined in Malta, Shafi consulted Ashraf Ali Thanawi. Mahmud Hasan came to Deoband in Gregorian calendar month 1920 (20 Ramadan 1338 AH). In 1339 AH (1920) Shafi gave bay’at (allegiance) at his hand. However, Mahmud Hasan died a couple of months soon eighteen Rabi al-awwal AH (November 1920). Shafi came to Thanawi once Mahmud Hasan’s death. In Rabi ath-thani 1349 AH (1930) he received ijazat-i bay’at (permission to require disciples) and khilafah (spiritual successorship).
When the All-India Muslim League was fashioned to campaign for the creation of a separate Muslim state, Ashraf Ali Thanvi schooled all Muslims, together with students, to support this campaign. Shafi and alternative students, together with Zafar Ahmad Usmani, joined the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, a council of Islamic students fashioned by Shabbir Ahmad Usmani to campaign for the creation of West Pakistan. In 1363 AH (1944) Muhammad Shafi resigned from teaching and provision fatwas at Darul Uloom Deoband so as to devote his time to the movement for the creation of West Pakistan. He toured Bharat, gave speeches, and issued fatwas for this purpose.
Migration to Pakistan
In 1948 (1367 AH), once the partition of Bharat, Shafi migrated from Deoband to West Pakistan. He supported Darul Uloom Karachi in 1370 AH (1950/1951). He died on ten Shawwal 1396 (6 Gregorian calendar month 1976).
Life in Pakistan
He remarked that the assorted academic systems that came into being beneath British rule – ancient Madrasahs, spearheaded by Deoband, and fashionable colleges, spearheaded by Aligarh – ought to be integrated therefore leveling the non secular and worldly dimensions of information and nurturing.He avoided disputes the least bit prices and from time to time, he even gave up land allotted to him by the govt. of West Pakistan to create a madrasa, simply to avoid a dispute that has arisen within the method.
He avoided disputes the least bit prices and from time to time, he even gave up land allotted to him by the govt. of West Pakistan to create a madrasa, simply to avoid a dispute that has arisen within the method.